MariaDB installieren


  • administrators

    Installation

    apt-get install mariadb-server
    

    Test Login

    root@xxxxx# mysql -u root -p
    Enter password: 
    Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
    Your MariaDB connection id is 2
    Server version: 10.1.26-MariaDB-0+deb9u1 Debian 9.1
    
    Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.
    
    Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
    
    MariaDB [(none)]> exit
    Bye
    

    Ok, damit kann man sich OHNE Passwort an der Datenbank anmelden - Nicht gut 👆

    Security

    Dafür gibt es ein Script

    root@xxxxx # mysql_secure_installation
    
    NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
          SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
    
    In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
    password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
    you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
    so you should just press enter here.
    
    Enter current password for root (enter for none): 
    OK, successfully used password, moving on...
    
    Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
    root user without the proper authorisation.
    
    Set root password? [Y/n] Y
    New password: 
    Re-enter new password: 
    Password updated successfully!
    Reloading privilege tables..
     ... Success!
    
    
    By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
    to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
    them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
    go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
    production environment.
    
    Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
     ... Success!
    
    Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
    ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
    
    Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
     ... Success!
    
    By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
    access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
    before moving into a production environment.
    
    Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
     - Dropping test database...
     ... Success!
     - Removing privileges on test database...
     ... Success!
    
    Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
    will take effect immediately.
    
    Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y
     ... Success!
    
    Cleaning up...
    
    All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
    installation should now be secure.
    
    Thanks for using MariaDB!
    

    Wenn man sich jetzt wieder zur Datenbank verbindet, wird man was feststellen.

    mysql -u root -p
    

    Man kommt immer noch ohne Passwort rein !?!?!?

    Googlen -> https://kofler.info/root-login-problem-mit-mariadb/

    Ok, da kann ich mit leben. Kurzer Test ob es bei einem anderen User anders ist.

    root@xxxx # su user
    user@xxxxxxx:~/$ mysql -u root -p
    Enter password: 
    ERROR 1698 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'
    

    Gut, das geht 🙂 Und weiter.....

    MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS joomla;
    Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
    
    MariaDB [(none)]> USE joomla;
    Database changed
    MariaDB [falschparker]> 
        
    MariaDB [joomla]> CREATE USER 'user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
    
    MariaDB [joomla]> grant all privileges on joomla.* to user@localhost identified by 'password';
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
    
    MariaDB [joomla]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
    Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
    

    Alle Datenbanken auflisten

     MariaDB [(none)]> show databases;
     +--------------------+
     | Database           |
     +--------------------+
     | information_schema |
     | joomla             |
     | mysql              |
     | nextcloud          |
     | performance_schema |
     +--------------------+
     5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

  • administrators

    SQL Dump installieren

    mysql -u username -p new_database < data-dump.sql

  • administrators

    SQL Dump erzeugen

     mysqldump -u username -p database > /home/frank/database.sql

  • administrators

    Script zum Sichern der MySQL Datenbank

    Datei .sqlpwd anlegen

    [mysqldump]
    user=username
    password=password
    

    Rechte

    chmod 600 /path/.sqlpwd
    chown $USER:nogroup /path/.sqlpwd
    

    Im Script dann

     mysqldump --defaults-extra-file=/path/.sqlpwd [database] > "$(date '+%F').sql"
    

    Fertig!

    Quelle: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9293042/how-to-perform-a-mysqldump-without-a-password-prompt#9293090