ROCKPro64 - PCIe NVMe SSD installieren



  • Hardware

    • ROCKPro64
    • PCIe NVMe SSD Adapater
    • beliebige NVMe SSD

    Software

    Software installieren

    Der einfachste Weg ist, den PCIe NVMe Adapter in einen anderen PC zu stecken. Ich habe da ja was hier rumstehen ­čśë Der PC hat ein Debian Buster 10 drauf. Karte rein, Image runterladen und mit dem Schreiber von Laufwerksabbildern auf die NVMe SSD b├╝geln. Dazu habe ich vorher das Image ausgepackt.

    unxz buster-minimal-rockpro64-0.9.16-1163-arm64.img.xz
    

    Hardware installieren

    Danach die Karte in den ROCKPro64 einbauen. Damit der ROCKPro64 jetzt von der NVMe SSD bootet, brauchen wir im SPI Speicher einen uboot. Dazu setze ich momentan den uboot von Sigmaris ein.

    Eine Anleitung dazu findet ihr hier.

    Der Start

    Nach dem Start fragt er ja erst mal das neue Passwort ab.

    rank@debian:~$ ssh rock64@192.168.178.29
    The authenticity of host '192.168.178.29 (192.168.178.29)' can't be established.
    ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:MLxSpWMhjYQ5FpnA8ZzFUYIodN4JfXJLKMulhKFzBOM.
    Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
    Warning: Permanently added '192.168.178.29' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
    rock64@192.168.178.29's password: 
    You are required to change your password immediately (administrator enforced)
                    _                     __   _  _   
     _ __ ___   ___| | ___ __  _ __ ___  / /_ | || |  
    | '__/ _ \ / __| |/ / '_ \| '__/ _ \| '_ \| || |_ 
    | | | (_) | (__|   <| |_) | | | (_) | (_) |__   _|
    |_|  \___/ \___|_|\_\ .__/|_|  \___/ \___/   |_|  
                        |_|                           
    Linux rockpro64 4.4.197-1236-rockchip-ayufan-g30faab37e339 #1 SMP Tue Oct 22 11:35:10 UTC 2019 aarch64
    
    The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;
    the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the
    individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright.
    
    Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent
    permitted by applicable law.
    WARNING: Your password has expired.
    You must change your password now and login again!
    Changing password for rock64.
    Current password: 
    New password: 
    Retype new password: 
    passwd: password updated successfully
    Connection to 192.168.178.29 closed.
    

    Danach k├Ânnen wir uns mit dem neuen Passwort anmelden. Um administrative Aufgaben durchzuf├╝hren, muss man jetzt ein sudo vorne anstellen. Ich finde das mittlerweile furchtbar. Deswegen bauen wir das jetzt um.

    su passwd
    

    Damit setzen wir ein Passwort f├╝r den Root User. Danach k├Ânnen wir uns jetzt mittels

    su -
    

    anmelden. Damit w├Ąren wir im /root Verzeichnis. Mit

    su
    

    w├╝rden wir im aktuellen Verzeichnis bleiben. Nun steht euch frei, das Tool sudo zu deinstallieren. Auf Systemen, die von au├čen erreichbar sind, ist das empfehlenswert. Nun kann ich wieder vern├╝nftig arbeiten ­čÖé

    Festplatte

    Die NVMe SSD ist ein wenig klein ­čś×

    root@rockpro64:~# df -h
    Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    udev            960M     0  960M   0% /dev
    tmpfs           193M  7.7M  185M   4% /run
    /dev/nvme0n1p7  1.9G  1.1G  669M  62% /
    tmpfs           963M     0  963M   0% /dev/shm
    tmpfs           5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
    tmpfs           963M     0  963M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
    /dev/nvme0n1p6  112M  4.0K  112M   1% /boot/efi
    tmpfs           193M     0  193M   0% /run/user/1000
    

    Wir m├╝ssen das Filesystem vergr├Â├čern. Dazu hat Kamil ein Script geschrieben, was wir uns ein wenig anpassen und damit das Filesystem vergr├Â├čern. Dazu findet man hier meinen Beitrag.

    Danach sieht das dann schon besser aus.

    root@rockpro64:/usr/local/sbin# ./resize_rootfs.sh 
    Resizing /dev/nvme0n1 (pcie/nvme -- /dev/nvme0n1p7)...
    + sgdisk -e /dev/nvme0n1
    Warning: The kernel is still using the old partition table.
    The new table will be used at the next reboot or after you
    run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)
    The operation has completed successfully.
    + sfdisk /dev/nvme0n1 -N7 --force
    + echo ,+,,,
    Checking that no-one is using this disk right now ... FAILED
    
    This disk is currently in use - repartitioning is probably a bad idea.
    Umount all file systems, and swapoff all swap partitions on this disk.
    Use the --no-reread flag to suppress this check.
    
    Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disklabel type: gpt
    Disk identifier: 4252573B-53A6-4918-89A6-7802D8D8031F
    
    Old situation:
    
    Device          Start     End Sectors  Size Type
    /dev/nvme0n1p1     64    8063    8000  3.9M Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p2   8064    8191     128   64K Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p3   8192   16383    8192    4M Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p4  16384   24575    8192    4M Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p5  24576   32767    8192    4M Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p6  32768  262143  229376  112M Microsoft basic data
    /dev/nvme0n1p7 262144 4186111 3923968  1.9G Linux filesystem
    
    /dev/nvme0n1p7: 
    New situation:
    Disklabel type: gpt
    Disk identifier: 4252573B-53A6-4918-89A6-7802D8D8031F
    
    Device          Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
    /dev/nvme0n1p1     64      8063      8000   3.9M Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p2   8064      8191       128    64K Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p3   8192     16383      8192     4M Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p4  16384     24575      8192     4M Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p5  24576     32767      8192     4M Linux filesystem
    /dev/nvme0n1p6  32768    262143    229376   112M Microsoft basic data
    /dev/nvme0n1p7 262144 976773134 976510991 465.7G Linux filesystem
    
    The partition table has been altered.
    Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
    Re-reading the partition table failed.: Device or resource busy
    The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8).
    Syncing disks.
    + partprobe /dev/nvme0n1
    + resize2fs /dev/nvme0n1p7
    resize2fs 1.44.5 (15-Dec-2018)
    Filesystem at /dev/nvme0n1p7 is mounted on /; on-line resizing required
    old_desc_blocks = 1, new_desc_blocks = 59
    The filesystem on /dev/nvme0n1p7 is now 122063873 (4k) blocks long.
    
    root@rockpro64:/usr/local/sbin# df -h
    Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    udev            960M     0  960M   0% /dev
    tmpfs           193M  7.7M  185M   4% /run
    /dev/nvme0n1p7  459G  1.1G  439G   1% /
    tmpfs           963M     0  963M   0% /dev/shm
    tmpfs           5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
    tmpfs           963M     0  963M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
    /dev/nvme0n1p6  112M  4.0K  112M   1% /boot/efi
    tmpfs           193M     0  193M   0% /run/user/1000
    

    Erledigt ­čÖé

    Nun haben wir ein funktionales Debian Buster 10 auf einer PCIe NVMe SSD und k├Ânnen uns nun anderen Aufgaben zuwenden.

    Nicht vergessen, als erstes ein

    root@rockpro64:/home# apt update
    Get:1 http://security.debian.org buster/updates InRelease [65.4 kB]
    Get:4 http://deb.ayufan.eu/orgs/ayufan-rock64/releases  InRelease [1343 B]
    Get:5 http://security.debian.org buster/updates/non-free Sources [688 B]
    Get:2 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster InRelease [122 kB]
    Get:6 http://security.debian.org buster/updates/main Sources [108 kB]             
    Get:7 http://security.debian.org buster/updates/main arm64 Packages [186 kB]
    Get:8 http://security.debian.org buster/updates/main Translation-en [100 kB]             
    Get:9 http://security.debian.org buster/updates/non-free Translation-en [344 B]           
    Get:3 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates InRelease [49.3 kB]        
    Get:10 http://deb.ayufan.eu/orgs/ayufan-rock64/releases  Packages [199 kB]
    Get:11 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/non-free Sources [86.3 kB]
    Get:12 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/main Sources [7832 kB]
    Get:13 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/main arm64 Packages [7737 kB]
    Get:14 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/main Translation-en [5970 kB]
    Get:15 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/main arm64 Contents (deb) [35.3 MB]
    Get:16 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib arm64 Contents (deb) [82.7 kB]
    Get:17 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/non-free arm64 Packages [53.9 kB]
    Get:18 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/non-free Translation-en [88.7 kB]
    Get:19 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster/non-free arm64 Contents (deb) [757 kB]
    Get:20 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main Sources.diff/Index [2212 B]
    Get:21 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main arm64 Packages.diff/Index [2212 B]
    Get:22 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main Translation-en.diff/Index [2212 B]
    Get:23 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main Sources 2020-02-23-2017.41.pdiff [924 B]
    Get:23 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main Sources 2020-02-23-2017.41.pdiff [924 B]
    Get:24 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main arm64 Packages 2020-02-23-2017.41.pdiff [2161 B]
    Get:24 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main arm64 Packages 2020-02-23-2017.41.pdiff [2161 B]
    Get:25 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main Translation-en 2020-02-23-2017.41.pdiff [1700 B]
    Get:25 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main Translation-en 2020-02-23-2017.41.pdiff [1700 B]
    Get:26 http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates/main arm64 Contents (deb) [42.3 kB]
    Fetched 58.8 MB in 18s (3263 kB/s)                                                                                                                                                                                
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree       
    Reading state information... Done
    44 packages can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see them.
    N: Repository 'http://cdn-fastly.deb.debian.org/debian buster InRelease' changed its 'Version' value from '10.1' to '10.3'
    

    Danach

    root@rockpro64:/home# apt upgrade
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree       
    Reading state information... Done
    Calculating upgrade... Done
    The following packages will be upgraded:
      base-files cron curl distro-info-data e2fsprogs git git-man libbluetooth3 libcom-err2 libcurl3-gnutls libcurl4 libext2fs2 libglib2.0-0 libgnutls30 libicu63 libidn2-0 libncurses6 libncursesw6 libnm0
      libpam-systemd libpython3.7-minimal libpython3.7-stdlib libsasl2-2 libsasl2-modules-db libss2 libsystemd0 libtinfo6 libudev1 linux-libc-dev ncurses-base ncurses-bin network-manager openssh-client
      openssh-server openssh-sftp-server python-apt-common python3-apt python3.7 python3.7-minimal ssh sudo systemd systemd-sysv udev
    44 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
    Need to get 36.9 MB of archives.
    After this operation, 115 kB of additional disk space will be used.
    Do you want to continue? [Y/n] 
    

    Debian Buster 10.3 haben wir danach!



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