Ich habe mich damit noch ein wenig beschäftigt, die letzten drei zu behalten, ist nicht so optimal. Da es viele Optionen bei dem Befehl gibt, hier ein Ausschnitt Flags: -l, --keep-last n keep the last n snapshots -H, --keep-hourly n keep the last n hourly snapshots -d, --keep-daily n keep the last n daily snapshots -w, --keep-weekly n keep the last n weekly snapshots -m, --keep-monthly n keep the last n monthly snapshots -y, --keep-yearly n keep the last n yearly snapshots habe ich das ein wenig so angepasst, das ich denke es passt für mich. restic --password-file /root/passwd -r /media/NAS_neu/Restic/Home/ forget --keep-last 3 --keep-monthly 3 --prune Damit behalte ich auch die jeweils eines pro Monat. Und die letzten drei. Das sieht dann so aus. root@debian:~# ./backup2.sh repository 2f3f6147 opened successfully, password is correct Files: 38 new, 100 changed, 13268 unmodified Dirs: 0 new, 1 changed, 0 unmodified Added to the repo: 10.166 GiB processed 13406 files, 50.324 GiB in 3:24 snapshot 849f614c saved repository 2f3f6147 opened successfully, password is correct Applying Policy: keep the last 3 snapshots, 3 monthly snapshots snapshots for (host [debian], paths [/home/frank]): keep 5 snapshots: ID Time Host Tags Reasons Paths ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ a7251cfd 2019-11-28 17:00:01 debian monthly snapshot /home/frank 283d4027 2019-12-31 17:00:01 debian monthly snapshot /home/frank ae2b96ec 2020-01-01 21:47:46 debian last snapshot /home/frank 079e00a6 2020-01-02 17:00:01 debian last snapshot /home/frank 849f614c 2020-01-03 21:08:45 debian last snapshot /home/frank monthly snapshot ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 5 snapshots remove 26 snapshots: ID Time Host Tags Paths ------------------------------------------------------------------ 896f16c2 2019-11-07 22:23:40 debian /home/frank b21bcf6d 2019-11-11 17:00:01 debian /home/frank f89248fb 2019-11-12 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 123ab546 2019-11-13 17:00:01 debian /home/frank b82d87d0 2019-11-18 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 040b0ab7 2019-11-19 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 7221d8ef 2019-11-20 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 84132a25 2019-11-21 17:00:01 debian /home/frank b558a52c 2019-11-25 17:00:01 debian /home/frank e5cc0c3e 2019-12-02 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 22423fa5 2019-12-03 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 39df1ab9 2019-12-04 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 98843457 2019-12-05 17:00:01 debian /home/frank b0cdd4b6 2019-12-09 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 828414f9 2019-12-10 17:00:01 debian /home/frank e34a27c3 2019-12-11 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 6e488c3b 2019-12-12 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 17898403 2019-12-16 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 1973305a 2019-12-17 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 9553bedd 2019-12-18 17:00:01 debian /home/frank fedf749d 2019-12-19 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 8e7cb876 2019-12-23 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 0bd0d102 2019-12-25 17:00:01 debian /home/frank 13d348b0 2019-12-26 17:00:01 debian /home/frank c7d960aa 2019-12-30 17:00:01 debian /home/frank f6ea9118 2020-01-01 17:00:01 debian /home/frank ------------------------------------------------------------------ 26 snapshots 26 snapshots have been removed, running prune counting files in repo building new index for repo [0:35] 100.00% 7806 / 7806 packs repository contains 7806 packs (46537 blobs) with 41.110 GiB processed 46537 blobs: 0 duplicate blobs, 0 B duplicate load all snapshots find data that is still in use for 5 snapshots [0:01] 100.00% 5 / 5 snapshots found 32654 of 46537 data blobs still in use, removing 13883 blobs will remove 0 invalid files will delete 715 packs and rewrite 752 packs, this frees 5.027 GiB [2:28] 100.00% 752 / 752 packs rewritten counting files in repo [0:01] 100.00% 6571 / 6571 packs finding old index files saved new indexes as [d137b425 f7caee99 a6e9711a] remove 35 old index files [1:13] 100.00% 1467 / 1467 packs deleted done using temporary cache in /tmp/restic-check-cache-916655151 repository 2f3f6147 opened successfully, password is correct created new cache in /tmp/restic-check-cache-916655151 create exclusive lock for repository load indexes check all packs check snapshots, trees and blobs read all data [7:47] 100.00% 6571 / 6571 items duration: 7:47 no errors were found root@debian:~# Am Ende seht ihr noch, wie Restic alle Files testet. Mein Script sieht jetzt so aus. #!/bin/bash # Script um mit Restic Daten automatisiert zu sichern! # Dient zum Sichern der Homepartition auf dem ROCKPro64 NAS! # Was soll gesichert werden? backup_pfad=/home/frank # Programm Start restic --password-file /root/passwd -r /media/NAS_neu/Restic/Home/ backup $backup_pfad --exclude-file=excludes.txt restic --password-file /root/passwd -r /media/NAS_neu/Restic/Home/ forget --keep-last 3 --keep-monthly 3 --prune # Testen restic --password-file /root/passwd -r /media/NAS_neu/Restic/Home/ check --read-data Das dann schön mit einem Cronjob laufen lassen und die Datensicherung ist erledigt